How To Play Chess: Learn All The Rules Of The Royal Game

Learn how to play chess, one of the most popular games on the planet! In this video, IM Danny Rensch will teach you all the rules of the game.

Chess does not need to be complicated. This video will show you all the rules you need to learn to start playing chess. From setting up the board to how each piece moves, Danny will give you hints to remember every rule. Here’s a summary of what you’ll learn in this video:

The pieces

Rooks: rooks move up and down, left and right, for as many squares as they want;
Bishop: bishops move diagonally as many squares as they want;
Queen: queens move to all directions, as many squares as they want;
Knight: knights move like a capital L and jump over other pieces;
Pawn: pawns move up the board one square (or two on their first move) and capture diagonally one square. Pawns also have a special capture called “en passant.”
King: kings move one square in every direction and can’t move into check.

Checks and Checkmate. Draws

When a king is under attack, the king is in check. If the player under attack can’t move their king out of the way, block the attack, or capture the attacking piece, the king is in checkmate, and they lose the game. The game ends in a draw if a king is not under attack and can’t move anywhere (because it would move into check), and there are no other legal moves to make.


There’s another special rule in chess called “castling.” That rule allows players to move their king and one of the rooks at the same time. The king goes two squares to the side of the rook, and the rook jumps over the king and lands next to it. However, players can only castle under certain conditions.

Setting Up The Board

Finally, Danny will teach you how to set up the board, so you can start playing chess over the board!

Do you want to play chess online with your friends or other people from all over the world? Or maybe you would like to improve, so you can be the best among your friends? Then create your free account on the number one chess site in the world,!

00:00 Intro
00:39 The rook
01:05 The bishop
01:44 The queen
02:23 The knight
03:44 The pawn
04:56 Pawn captures
05:30 Pawn promotion
06:25 En passant rule
08:34 The king
09:39 Check
10:30 Getting out of check
11:50 Checkmate
13:27 Stalemate
14:31 Castling
15:54 Two final notes about castling
16:59 Setting up the board

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  1. This was the only video that i find easy to understand.

  2. Can anyone tell the actual name of the pawns when they were invented. These knights rook are all western names try finding them out.

  3. what if i move my queen to checkmate the opponent but then my king is under check
    is it leagal?

  4. Thank you very much for the explanation.
    Last time I played chess was in a primary school 1986!
    Now In 2023- I m tempted to order a chess board:)

  5. Thank you for explaining on how to set up a chess board whenever i play on a chessboard we play a game of rock paper scissors to see who moves first.

  6. you explain better than all other videos i watch on yt

  7. I am sending it to my friends so we can play together in the school, Although we are all beginners it is better than being bored in the last class πŸ˜ƒ

  8. An excellent video for demonstrating the game! 40 years ago, my dad brought chart paper home from work to draw out all this information; he worked so hard to try to help me master the game. I'm still a beginner, but this video has helped refresh my understanding of en passant and castling. Thank you!

  9. It's called a horse in Hindi, πŸ˜€

  10. The beauty of chess,i played 6 games and won 4,drew 1 and lost 1 in school,i placed second in an interschool competition

  11. So let's se if i understand. So you can take the precise only if there on the square your about to do the next move?

  12. In the beginning can I move 2 ponds in a same time ?

  13. It is good to know the knight can jump pieces, but it can also move one up and two over as well as capital L as you say. One up two over, or two up ond one over.

  14. Can the kings both white and black castle both ways or only to the right?

  15. thank you so much I didn't know about en passant

  16. Six hundred years after dinosaurs d*** that's a long time ago i've got to be like four billion years ago

  17. almost three decades of playing experience and yet the most effective explanation to have. Two thumbs up!

  18. Hey, I already knew the rules of chess, but I just wanted to leave positive feedback. This is one of the best tutorials I've seen for the rules of any game, ever. The way you speak is clear and concise. The pacing is absolutely perfect. The idea to progress with ascending levels of complexity was also genius. The hand movements to demonstrate possible moves as well as the visual overlay with those arrows was a perfect touch that aids in cementing your understanding. Really, I am just chuffed because of how impressive the quality of this video is. I've honestly never used the youtube comment section to leave positive feedback before and I wish I could pay you to explain the rules of any board game I may want to learn. Great job!

  19. great tutorial πŸŽ‰πŸŽ‰πŸŽ‰πŸŽ‰

  20. The thing I don't understand the way of getting out of check because what I was taught was you have no choice but to move the king

  21. Thank you for explain it, it's make me more improve to play than before .

  22. Physics + Chemistry leading to time travel chess is a practice to understand atoms and energy transfer …. again who gave us chess? dogone tribe … who gave them chess? The sky people …… hope that makes sense to who and what they are preparing us for ……

  23. I don't know anything about chess even though I watched the video

  24. Can anyone kindly explained to me if one side of the king remains only in the board with many pieces of the opponent, then how does the only king move? Normally or does it acquire any special move…happy pawning😊

  25. I will never call Tower a Rook or Horse a Knight. Rook comes from the persian "rukh" meaning chariot. Knight was the european rename of the horse because knights in royal courts usually mounted a horse. However, persians and arabians called it a horse in their respective languages. Aside from english, msot countries call it Tower in their respective language as well. Aside from the ridiculous piece english renames, I really enjoyed the video. Very useful to help explain the game to my cousin since she was having a hard time udnerstand it. Keep up the good work!

  26. Correct me if Im wrong, as you didnt explicitly mention it. But if a pawn moves two squares beside the opposing pawn, that opposing pawn can only capture en passant on the very next move. No delay. Your "if pawns have ever faced off, keep your hands off" rule does not cover the full truth.

  27. I think I've got the basics of what the pieces can do/move and how to win (checkmate). Good thing the pieces and rules are simple and not complicated at all, lol. But yeah, there are a lot of rules, movements to understand, and that is just the basics…understanding all that, and having advanced strategies, plus being able to see numerous moves ahead makes a complex game exponentially more complex. I think this would require a great death of knowledge on the game, the strategies, and both a super awesome memory & insight. Not having a great short term memory, having anxiety & panic disorders, and having a form of dyslexia whereby sometimes digits get reversed in your head might make this game even that much more difficult, as moving the wrong way by accident could cause you to have pieces captured unintentionally. I think wrapping my head around this would take some time, although it would likely become fascinating/exciting once I got the hang of it a bit more, got past the basics and started learning more advanced strategies.
    I'll think I'll stick to checkers for now, but I am quite curious and may give chess a try at some point…I definitely respect the game more now. The Queen's Gambit series started my curiosity with the game & watching this and other videos keeps my interest peaked. I wish they would slow down and show what the move was, or where the checkmate is, as I don't see it when they play. It would also be nice if when they have checkmate that they follow through, make the final move with the piece and knock the opponents king down, thereby showing the actual checkmate in action! I'm not sure why they don't do that in any video, and it just leaves people like me who are curious (& don't really know the game) not knowing what happened in the end, nor be able to see where the checkmate is (maybe pausing and studying the board pieces I might be able to figure it out slowly)…it would just be great to actually see them move the piece to perform the checkmate and knock the king down, which I think is how/when the game is won…

  28. For castling, if the king or the rook moves and comes back to the original place, is it still playable?

  29. 14:48 Castling? But I thought the expert players don't call a Rook a Castle? Should't it be called Rooking?πŸ€”

  30. Bishops and rocks are the sane because a bishop needs to moves to move like a rock and a rock needs to moves to move like a bishop this is a secret

  31. Great tutorial, ive been trying to learn and play chess for years but on and off due very little tutorials for beginners and just youtubers rambling on about strategies. I kinda wished they taught this at school

  32. everything is good but you forgot to tell who should start first in the game.

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